COURSE TITLE: Fundamentals of Information Technology

UNITS: 3 units



Introduction to technologies that are used to create, store, exchange, and use information


At the end of the course, the students should:

  • Gain knowledge on the hardware and software component of the computer system;
  • Understand the Internet and technologies developed; and
  • Appreciate IT-related laws in the Philippines.


  • Define and discuss information technology, computer technology and telecommunication technology
  • Trace the evolution of computers
  • Explain the fetch-decode-execute cycle of instruction execution
  • Identify the different components of the CPU and describe their functions
  • Explain the roles of the different types of memories, input/output systems and buses that may be present in a computer system
  • Identify the other peripheral devices that may be used in a computer system
  • Define what an operating system is
  • Trace the history of operating systems
  • Discuss the nature of the other systems software
  • Survey the different applications of computers
  • Differentiate one computer application from another
  • Discuss the different networks in existence
  • Identify the different network protocols and topologies
  • Identify the different network hardware and cabling
  • Discuss how data are transmitted through a communication channel
  • Define the Internet and discuss its services
  • Discuss how web servers work
  • Discuss the different issues related to computer ethics
  • Differentiate what is an ethical act and what is not


    • Module 1: Introduction
      • What is Information Technology?
      • What is a Computer and Computer Science?
      • What is Telecommunications Technology?
      • Evolution of Computing and Computing Machines
      • Evolution of Digital Computers
      • Types of Computers


    • Module 2: Computer Systems Organization
      • Processors
      • Computer Buses
      • Module 3: Systems Software
      • What is an Operating System?
      • Evolution of Operating Systems
      • Compilers or Translators
      • Assemblers
      • Device Drivers


    • Module 3: Systems Software
      • What is an Operating System?
      • Evolution of Operating Systems
      • Compilers or Translators
      • Assemblers
      • Device Drivers


    • Module 4: Applications Software
      • Database Management Systems
      • Communications Systems
      • AI Technologies
      • Multimedia Systems


    • Module 5: Computer Networks and Data Communication
      • Networks
      • Network Topologies
      • Networking Hardware
      • Network Cabling
      • Wireless Transmission Media
      • Data Communication


    • Module 6: The Internet and the World Wide Web
      • What is the Internet?
      • How to Access the Internet?
      • How is a Host Identified?
      • What are Domain Names?
      • What are Email Addresses?
      • World Wide Web (WWW)
      • What is a Web Browser?
      • Search Engines and Searching
      • Electronic Commerce


  • Module 7: Computer Ethics
    • Computer Abuse Issues
    • Privacy Issues
    • Social Justice Issues
    • Intellectual Property Rights
    • Computer Crimes
    • IT-Related Laws in the Philippines